Case Report/Case SeriesMyasthenia Gravis Crisis and Atrial FibrillationJacobs, Daniel H. MD, FAANAuthor Information Department of Neurology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, FL The authors declare no conflict of interest. Correspondence to: Daniel H. Jacobs, MD, FAAN, Department of Neurology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, 3849 Oakwater Circle, Orlando, FL 32806. E-mail: [email protected]. The Neurologist: January 2020 - Volume 25 - Issue 1 - p 1-3 doi: 10.1097/NRL.0000000000000246 Buy Metrics Abstract Introduction: Myasthenia gravis (MG) crisis has no specific reported correlation with atrial fibrillation (AF). We present a series of patients observed from a single general neurologist’s outpatient and inpatient practice over a 9-year period who experienced the combination of MG crisis and AF. Case Report: Retrospective chart review of patients within 1 neurologist’s inpatient and outpatient practice was done. Charts were selected based on the occurrence of newly diagnosed AF during MG crisis over a 9-year period. Most patients were diagnosed in the hospital and then followed as outpatients. Charts were reviewed to determine factors that may have played a role in the co-occurrence of these 2 conditions. Eight patients were identified that had co-occurring MG crisis and AF. All patients had very active MG, and were in or had recently been in MG crisis at the time their AF was discovered. Patients tended to have late-onset MG to be male, to be acetylcholinesterase receptor antibody positive, and to have improvement or remission of their AF once the MG achieved better clinical control. Conclusion: New-onset AF can occur during MG crisis. The cardiac outcome improves with treatment of the underlying disease, after initial cardiac stabilization. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.