Case Report/Case SeriesDissection of the Internal Carotid Artery After SCUBA-Diving A Case Report and Review of the LiteratureHafner, Franz MD*; Gary, Thomas MD*; Harald, Froehlich MD*; Pilger, Ernst*; Groell, Reinhard PD†; Brodmann, Marianne* Author Information *Division of Angiology, Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria †CT and MRT Diagnostic-Center Graz, Graz, Austria Reprints: Franz Hafner, MD, Division of Angiology, Medical University Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 15, 8036 Graz, Austria. e-mail: [email protected]. The Neurologist: March 2011 - Volume 17 - Issue 2 - p 79-82 doi: 10.1097/NRL.0b013e3181e6a416 Buy Metrics Abstract Introduction Dissections of the internal carotid arteries are a well known complication of cervical trauma. Neurologic symptoms in patients after SCUBA-diving are often associated with gas embolism or decompression illness. Case Report This report presents a rare case of carotid artery dissection immediately after SCUBA-diving in a 37-year-old woman, with left-side facial paresthesias and left-cervical pain as the first symptoms after SCUBA-diving without rapid ascent to the water-surface. Discussion A review of the literature focuses on symptoms, morphologic aspects, and therapeutic options in reported cases of cervical artery dissection after SCUBA-diving. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.