Effective Combined Medical Treatment With Octreotide Long Acting Release (Sandostatin LAR) and Cabergoline for an Extremely Rare Pituitary Somatotroph Adenoma Producing Growth Hormone-Releasing HormoneMatsuno, Akira MD, PhD*; Katakami, Hideki MD, PhD†; Okazaki, Ryo MD, PhD†; Mizutani, Akiko PhD‡; Osamura, R Yoshiyuki MD, PhD‡; Miyawaki, Satoru MD*; Uno, Takeshi MD*; Ide, Fuyuaki MD*; Asano, Shuichiro MD, PhD*; Tanaka, Junichi MD*; Nakaguchi, Hiroshi MD, PhD*; Sasaki, Mitsuyoshi MD, PhD*; Murakami, Mineko MD, PhD*; Yamazaki, Kazuto MD, PhD§; Ishida, Yasuo MD, PhD§; Okinaga, Hiroko MD, PhD¶; Teramoto, Akira MD, PhD∥Author Information From the *Department of Neurosurgery and †Third Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University Chiba Medical Center, Chiba; ‡Department of Pathology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan; §Department of Pathology, Teikyo University Chiba Medical Center, Chiba, Japan; ¶Department of Endocrinology, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan; and ∥Department of Neurosurgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan. Reprints: Akira Matsuno, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery, Teikyo University Chiba Medical Center, Ichihara City, Chiba, Japan. E-mail: [email protected] The Endocrinologist: November/December 2008 - Volume 18 - Issue 6 - pp 266-269 doi: 10.1097/TEN.0b013e31818fee92 Buy Metrics Abstract Combined medical treatment with long acting octreotide and cabergoline is now used with active patients with acromegaly and can reduce serum growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels. In this article, we analyzed again the molecular aspects of the previously reported rare GH-releasing hormone (GHRH)-producing somatotroph adenoma, and introduce the effects of the combined medical treatment using octreotide LAR and cabergoline for GHRH-producing somatotroph adenoma. The present GHRH-producing somatotroph adenoma had a high Ki-67 staining index, weak, and cytoplasmic-dominant immunostaining of somatostatin receptor 2A, and no gsp mutation. This adenoma was predicted to be resistant to the medical therapy using octreotide LAR. In this extremely rare GHRH-producing pituitary somatotroph adenoma, octreotide LAR alone cannot reduce random GH and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels sufficiently, but combined medical therapy with octreotide LAR and cabergoline can reduce them into the normal range. We show that combined medical treatment with octreotide LAR and cabergoline was effective for a somatotroph adenoma that had a high proliferative potential, weak and cytoplasmic-dominant immunostaining of somatostatin receptor 2A, and no gsp mutation, and has active GH production and secretion regulated by locally generated GHRH from adenoma cell. © 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.