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New York Arthroplasty Council (NYAC) Consensus on Reducing Risk in Total Joint Arthroplasty

Obesity

Rudy, Hayeem L. BA; Vigdorchik, Jonathan M. MD; Long, William J. MD; Schwarzkopf, Ran MD, MSc

doi: 10.1097/BTO.0000000000000392
Symposium
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Obesity is an epidemic in the United States and a growing concern for adult reconstructive surgeons. Patients with obesity are significantly more likely to require total joint arthroplasty (TJA) compared with nonobese counterparts. In addition to being an independent risk factor for the development of complications after TJA, obesity is associated with numerous comorbidities that increase the risk of complicated TJA. Preoperative optimization of both body mass index and comorbidities is essential to reducing the risk burden imposed by this prevalent disease. In recent decades, bariatric surgery has been considered as an experimental technique to alleviate lower extremity osteoarthritic symptoms, obviate the need for TJA, and optimize body mass index in obese patients before TJA. This article reviews the literature related to these topics, and focuses on the reduction of risk in TJA in relation to obesity in general.

NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY

This project was supported by an unrestricted grant from KCI, an Acelity company. Project management support was provided by MedicusWorks.

The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose.

For reprint requests, or additional information and guidance on the techniques described in the article, please contact Ran Schwarzkopf, MD, MSc, at or by mail at NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, NYU Langone Health, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY 10003. You may inquire whether the author(s) will agree to phone conferences and/or visits regarding these techniques.

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