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Compartment Syndrome of the Upper Arm and Forearm

Desai, Mihir J. MD*; Shuler, Michael S. MD; Seiler, John Gray III MD

doi: 10.1097/BTO.0b013e3182487a6e

Compartment syndrome of the upper extremity may occur secondary to traumatic and nontraumatic causes and often requires complex decision-making processes in its diagnosis and management. The technique of treatment relies on prompt diagnosis and complete decompression of the involved muscular compartments. Knowledge of the most common compartment divisions as well as understanding areas where subcompartments and anatomic variations may play a role in treatment is pivotal in the successful management of compartment syndrome.

*Department of Orthopaedics, Emory University

Athens Orthopaedic Clinic

Georgia Hand, Shoulder, and Elbow, Atlanta, GA

The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to John Gray Seiler III, MD, 1819 Peachtree Street, Suite 425, Atlanta, GA 30309. E-mail:

Received December 17, 2011

Accepted December 27, 2011

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.