Mahmood, Ihsan FRCS (T&O); Chandler, Henry MRCS; Kottam, Lucksy PhD; Eardley, William FRCS (T&O); Rangan, Amar FRCS (T&O); Baker, Paul FRCS (T&O)
The James Cook University Hospital, South Tees NHS Foundation Trust, Middlesbrough, Cleveland, UK
The study was ethically approved by the UK Research Ethics Service ref: 16/LO/0380 and before the first participant being recruited the study registered on clinicaltrials.gov ref: NCT02841007.
All patients provided informed consent for inclusion in the study.
This project was sponsored and funded by Firstkind Ltd, High Wycombe, UK.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ihsan Mahmood, FRCS (T&O), 18 Meridian Way, Stockton-on-Tees, TS18 4QH, UK. E-mail: [email protected].