TECHNIQUEDynamic Ultrasound of the Foot and Ankle: Adult and Pediatric ApplicationsFemino, John E. MD1; Jacobson, Jon A. MD2; Craig, Clifford L. MD3; Kuhns, Lawrence R. MD4Author Information 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA 2Division of Musculoskeletal Radiology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 4Department of Radiology, Pediatric Division, University of Michigan Health System Ann Arbor, MI Address correspondence and reprint requests to John E. Femino, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Dr, 01016 JPP, Iowa City, IA 52242-1088. E-mail: email@example.com. Techniques in Foot & Ankle Surgery: March 2007 - Volume 6 - Issue 1 - p 50-61 doi: 10.1097/BTF.0b013e318031fb8f Buy Metrics Abstract Many diagnostic tests are available to orthopaedic surgeons today. As orthopaedic surgery has developed, the quest for increasingly accurate diagnoses has led to an increase in the number and types of imaging tests that are ordered. This is particularly true in the preoperative evaluation of patients who are being considered for surgical treatment. Musculoskeletal ultrasound has been increasingly reported as a useful diagnostic test. The authors hope to highlight the unique capabilities of dynamic ultrasound imaging for the diagnosis of some orthopaedic conditions, which give it a distinct advantage over other diagnostic tests. In particular, the ability to examine an area of pathology during joint and tendon motion, and with direct palpation, makes ultrasound a uniquely powerful diagnostic tool. The ability for patients to provide immediate feedback to the examiner can markedly increase the specificity of any findings with correlation to a stated complaint. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.