The incidence of occult inguinal or Spigelian hernias found in other laparoscopies is seldom studied and their development to symptomatic hernias is unknown.
Materials and Methods:
The orifices of all inguinal and Spigelian hernias at linea semilunaris were carefully recorded prospectively in the laparoscopic surgery during the years 2003-2004 (104 cholecystectomies, 55 fundoplications, 36 diagnostic, and 6 miscellaneous). The patients were followed up over 15 years to find out how often the detected occult hernias at index laparoscopy become later symptomatic and were repaired.
The index laparoscopic operation was performed to 201 patients with a mean age of 53±14 years. The overall frequency of unexpected hernias was 21% including 36 (18%) inguinal hernias, 5 (2.5%) Spigelian hernias, and 2 (1.0%) ventral hernias. At the index laparoscopy, only 5/201 inguinal and 2 Spigelian hernioplasties were concomitantly undertaken. After 15 years, data of 169 patients were available and new hernia repairs were performed only in 8 (4.7%) patients (2 inguinal, 4 umbilical, and 2 ventral hernias).
Asymptomatic occult hernias detected during laparoscopic surgery of other reason evolve very seldom (<5%) to symptomatic and need to be repaired.