Open sublay technique and laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) technique are the most common used procedures in ventral and incisional hernia repair, however, each technique has its own disadvantages. The enhanced view total extraperitoneal technique (eTEP) aims to put the mesh in the retromuscular space by minimal invasive technique. This study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of eTEP and IPOM approach in ventral and incisional hernia repair.
The major databases (PubMed, Embase, Springer, and Cochrane Library) were searched, and all studies published through May 1, 2021, using the keywords “enhanced view extraperitoneal,” “extended view totally extraperitoneal,” “eTEP,” “TEP,” “laparoscopic retromuscular,” “ventral hernia,” “incisional hernia,” “laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh,” “IPOM.” All relevant articles and reference lists in these original studies were also obtained from the above databases.
Five trials containing 433 patients were included in the present study. Compared with the IPOM technique, the eTEP ventral/incisional hernia repair was associated a longer operative time [mean difference=44.79; 95% confidence interval (CI): 26.57, 63; P=0.00001], less acute pain on postoperative day 1 (standardized mean difference=−3.90; 95% CI: −4.42, −3.38; P<0.00001), and day 7 (standardized mean difference=−3.72; 95% CI: −6.09, 1.35; P=0.002), and the eTEP group had a shorter hospital stay compared with the IPOM group (mean difference=−0.56; 95% CI: −0.74, −0.39; P=0.00001). There was no significant difference concerning the incidence of seroma, hematoma, intraoperative complication, and postoperative ileus between eTEP and IPOM groups.
The eTEP technique in ventral and incisional hernia repair shows significantly lower acute postoperative pain and shorter hospital study but a longer operative time. In addition, there is no significant difference in terms of intraoperative or postoperative complications. Further randomized controlled studies with long-term follow-up are needed to evaluate the eTEP technique.