Despite an increase in the number of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) procedures being performed, the long-term oncology and operative results are still unclear. The aim of this study was to present the surgical and long-term results of patients undergoing LDP for the treatment of distal pancreatic tumors.
A retrospective review was made of patients who underwent LDP in our clinic, between 2006 and 2018, and who were diagnosed with pancreas tail, neck, and corpus tumors. For the purposes of this study, the data related to the preoperative, operative, and postoperative characteristics of the patients were determined.
A total of 46 patients were identified as suitable for inclusion in the study. Of these, 52.1% were female individuals, and the average age of the whole group was 63 years. Previous surgery for malignant diseases was recorded for 54.3% of the patients, due to premalignant diseases in 13% and benign diseases in 32.7%. On average, 10 lymph nodes were removed from patients diagnosed with malignant tumors. The conversion rate was found to be 2.1%. The postoperative pancreatic fistula rate was 26%, and there was 1 complication each of grades III and IV according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. The mortality rate was 0%.
It was concluded that LDP of distal pancreas tumors seems to be both safe and effective in respect of the long-term results in addition to the early results of the operation.
Department of Surgery, Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Reprints: Refik Bademci, MD, Department of Surgery, Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08041 Spain (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received September 18, 2018
Accepted December 18, 2018