Optimizing STD reporting to state public health authorities is important to reduce incidence and manage outbreaks of STDs. Electronic lab reporting (ELR) is the standard through which local clinics report STDs to state public health authority. Electronic case reporting (eCR) is an alternative approach which automates transmission of case reports to public health jurisdictions using electronic health record (EHR) data.
Working with three Community Health Centers (CHCs) in Oregon between February 3, 2020 and May 15, 2020, we piloted an automated electronic case reporting (eCR) approach for gonorrhea (GC) and chlamydia (CT) from these clinics to the Oregon Health Authority. We compared the eCR approach to the existing ELR approach to determine completeness of case reporting for GC/CT.
A total of 365 eCRs from 206 unique patients were generated. Among 154 instances where the case detection logic was satisfied for chlamydia, 37% (54 instances) were based on the presence of a diagnosis and 63% (97 instances) were based on laboratory data. Among 232 instances where logic was satisfied for gonorrhea, 44% (102 instances) reflected a diagnosis and 56% (130 instances) reflected laboratory results. Data completeness was uniformly equal or higher for eCRs vs. ELRs.
The eCR approach was successful in identifying chlamydia and gonorrhea cases and provided a more complete set of information to assist public health authorities when compared with ELRs. eCR has the potential to automate and relieve staff burden on an important reporting requirement for clinical providers.