Unprotected oral and anal sex may result in extragenital sexually transmitted infections. The purposes of this study were to describe sexual behaviors, barrier use, and chlamydia/gonorrhea (Ct/GC) positivity among young Black men who have sex with women, and to examine the potential influence of extragenital infections on genital infections.
Young Black men who had vaginal sex were screened for Ct/GC in New Orleans, LA, from August 14, 2019, to February 29, 2020. Audio/computer-assisted self-interviews were used to collect data on demographics and sexual behaviors. χ2/Fisher exact or t test/Wilcoxon rank tests were used to assess differences in behaviors by Ct/GC positivity.
Among 373 men studied, 619 female partnerships were reported in the past 2 months. Vaginal sex was reported in all partnerships per study protocol, receiving fellatio in 42.7%, performing cunnilingus in 35.7%, and penile-anal sex in 5.9%. Although 31.4% of the men consistently used condoms for vaginal sex with all partners, consistent barrier use was low during cunnilingus (0.5%) and fellatio (5.1%). Urethral infection rates among all men in the sample were 12.6% for Ct and 1.6% for GC. There was no significant difference in Ct/GC rates between those using and not using condoms consistently during vaginal sex (P = 0.38).
Unprotected oral sex with female partners was common. The high rate of genital infection among men who used condoms consistently for vaginal sex suggests that oral infections could be serving as a reservoir of genital infection. Testing at all sites of exposure for youth who engage in heterosexual sex is merited.