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Whose Responsibility Is It? Beliefs About Preventing HIV Transmission Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

Truong, Hong-Ha, M., PhD, MS, MPH*; Fatch, Robin, MPH*; Tan, Judy, Y., PhD*; Raymond, H., Fisher, DrPH, MPH*†; McFarland, Willi, MD, PhD*†

Sexually Transmitted Diseases: July 2018 - Volume 45 - Issue 7 - p e43–e48
doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000795

HIV-negative and HIV-positive men believed that they both are responsible for preventing HIV. Responsibility beliefs, however, did not always correspond with discussing HIV status or refraining from serodiscordant condomless anal sex. Discrepancies between individuals' HIV prevention responsibility beliefs and their sexual risk behaviors merit further examination, particularly in the preexposure prophylaxis era.

HIV-negative and HIV-positive men believed that they both have a responsibility for preventing HIV. Their sexual risk behavior, however, did not correspond with their prevention responsibility beliefs.

From the *University of California, San Francisco; and

Department of Public Health, San Francisco, CA

This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (R01 MH077509; principal investigator: W. McFarland).

Conflict of Interest and Sources of Funding: None declared.

Correspondence: Hong-Ha M. Truong, PhD, MS, MPH, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 550 16th St, 3rd Floor, San Francisco, CA 94158. E-mail:

Received for publication September 12, 2017, and accepted January 15, 2018.

© Copyright 2018 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association