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Anogenital Warts: Influence on Quality of Life in Dutch Soldiers

van der Snoek, Eric M. MD, PhD*; Couwenberg, Sharon M. MD*; Lammers, Anneke M. MD, PhD*; van Loon, Anton M. PhD

doi: 10.1097/01.OLQ.0000430781.87111fc
Original Study

Background Anogenital warts are one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted virus infections in the Netherlands and cause frustration, shame, and even depression. This study was performed to determine the effect of having anogenital warts on the quality of life in Dutch soldiers with the use of a dermatology-specific quality of life (QoL) questionnaire.

Methods We used the Skindex-29 QoL questionnaire in 100 predominantly heterosexual soldiers with clinically confirmed first episode of condylomata acuminate in this study.

Results Results confirmed that first episodes of anogenital warts cause high mean scores on subscale Emotions with lower scores on the subscales Symptoms and Functioning. Sex, age, educational level, anatomical site, or number of anatomical sites did not influence the outcome in this study.

Conclusions Having anogenital warts influences QoL, especially with regard to intimacy, shame, and concern. Our data show that the Skindex-29 QoL questionnaire can be easily used in these patients with good internal consistency. Clinicians should be aware of the great emotional impact of anogenital warts on their patients.

A quality of life survey in Dutch soldiers with anogenital warts using the dermatology-specific questionnaire Skindex-29 showed striking higher scores on subscales functioning and emotions.

From the *Department of Dermatology, Central Military Hospital, Utrecht, the Netherlands, and †Department of Virology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Sources of support: None.

Conflict of interest: None.

Correspondence: Eric M. van der Snoek, MD, PhD, Department of Dermatology, Central Military Hospital, PO Box 90.000, 3509 AA Utrecht, the Netherlands. E-mail:

Received for publication February 26, 2013, and accepted April 11, 2013.

© Copyright 2013 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association