A cross-sectional study that investigated the association between cervical infection of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or Mycoplasma genitalium and infection with high-risk types of human papillomavirus among female sex workers in China found that the presence of cervical C. trachomatis or M. genitalium infection was independently associated with infection with certain high-risk types of specific high-risk human papillomavirus among this population.
A cross-sectional study in China indicates an independent association of concurrent chlamydial infection with high-risk human papillomavirus infection among 802 female sex workers.
From the *Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Institute of Dermatology, Nanjing, China; †National Center for STD Control, Nanjing, China; ‡Guangxi Autonomous Regional Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Nanning, China; and §Anhui Provincial Institute of Dermatology, Hefei, China.
Supported by a grant from the Mega Project of China National Science Research for the 11th Five-Year Plan (2008ZX10001-005).
The authors thank the staff who worked in the study sites in Guangxi for recruiting the participants, collecting the specimens, and conducting the interviews. The authors are also very grateful to all participants of this study for their wonderful cooperation.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Correspondence: Xiang-Sheng Chen, MD, National Center for STD Control, 12 Jiangwangmiao St, Nanjing 210042, China. E-mail: email@example.com.
Received for publication September 29, 2012, and accepted January 24, 2013.