Special Operations Combat Personnel (SOCP) face significant challenges and occupational demands that put them at significant risk for musculoskeletal injury. Musculoskeletal injury leads to lost-duty days, medical disqualification, and compromises operational readiness and mission success. Optimizing human performance and developing injury prevention strategies can position SOCP for success, but human performance optimization is a complex process that demands the integration of multiple disciplines to address a broad range of capabilities necessary for this success. The Warrior Model for Human Performance Optimization outlines a step-by-step approach to human performance optimization embedded within a scientific, evidenced-based approach to injury prevention and performance optimization that includes a step to ensure specificity of training and interventions. This evidence-based approach can insure that SOCP capabilities match the demands of occupation enabling them to successfully execute their occupation tasks without risk of injury. While the focus of this review is on military personnel, the same principles have application to nonmilitary high-performance athletes.
*Michael W. Krzyzewski Human Performance Laboratory, Duke Sports Sciences Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC
†Davidson College Sports Medicine, Davidson College, Davidson, NC
Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Timothy C. Sell, PhD, PT, Michael W. Krzyzewski Human Performance Laboratory, Duke University, DSSI—Klab, 3475 Erwin Rd, Durham, NC 27705.