The Effects of Endurance Sports on Children and YouthEgger, Anthony C., MD; Oberle, L.Morgan, MD; Saluan, Paul, MDSports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review: March 2019 - Volume 27 - Issue 1 - p 35–39 doi: 10.1097/JSA.0000000000000230 Review Articles Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics In the United States, youth participation in sports continues to increase yearly. This increase in participation, in conjunction with the trend toward early sports specialization and year round training, has led to a similar increase in athletically developed injuries. These injuries vary in nature and acuity, with the type of injury often related to the athlete’s age, sport, and level of training. Endurance athletes are at an elevated risk of injury as they frequently push their body to the limit during their arduous training. Pediatric endurance athletes can be particularly vulnerable, especially to overuse injuries, given their unique and ever-changing physiological state. It is important to understand the specific challenges facing not only the physical, but also the emotional well-being of these pediatric endurance athletes to maximize performance while minimizing injury and potential long-term sequelae. Cleveland Clinic Department of Orthopaedics, Cleveland, OH Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Paul Saluan, MD, Cleveland Clinic Sports Health, 5555 Transportation Blvd, Cleveland, OH 44125. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.