Ankle Injuries in the Pediatric AthleteErickson, John B. DO; Samora, Walter P. MD; Klingele, Kevin E. MDSports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review: December 2016 - Volume 24 - Issue 4 - p 170–177 doi: 10.1097/JSA.0000000000000125 Review Articles Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Foot and ankle injuries are the second most common reason for young athletes to present to a primary care physician, and account for up to 30% of visits to sports medicine clinics in this population. Heightened performance expectations placed on today’s young athletes have led to intense training and competition demands. With increasing rates of sport participation among children and adolescents, it is important for treating physicians to have an understanding of the evaluation and management of ankle injuries seen in the pediatric athlete. In treating young athletes it is important to keep in mind the unique developmental and anatomic differences between the skeletally mature and skeletally immature ankle. These differences predispose young athletes to unique injuries not seen in adults. These include injuries that result from congenital or developmental variations, acute injuries, and overuse type injuries. Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, OH Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Kevin E. Klingele, MD, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, 700 Children’s Drive, Suite A2700, Columbus, OH 43205. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.