Endoscopic-assisted Release of Lower Leg Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndromes: Results of a Systematic Literature ReviewLohrer, Heinz MD, PhD; Nauck, Tanja PhD; Lohrer, Leif Stud. med.Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review: March 2016 - Volume 24 - Issue 1 - p 19–23 doi: 10.1097/JSA.0000000000000106 Review Articles Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Endoscopic treatment of recalcitrant chronic exertional compartment syndromes (CECS) of the lower leg is rarely reported. Until now, endoscopic release of CECS of the lower leg is described in only 3 papers addressing 48 interventions in 30 patients. A systematic literature analysis was performed comparing endoscopic and minimally invasive lower leg CECS releases. No statistically relevant difference was found between the results of endoscopic (unweighted mean success rate=86.3%) and minimally invasive (unweighted mean success rate=80.0%) CECS release. However, the methodological quality of the analyzed studies is not sufficient and the number of endoscopically treated patients are too low to draw final conclusions. Institute for Sports Medicine Frankfurt am Main, Germany Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Heinz Lohrer, MD, PhD, Institute for Sports Medicine Frankfurt am Main, Otto-Fleck-Schneise 10, 60528 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.