Review ArticlesNormal Anatomy and Biomechanics of the KneeFlandry, Fred MD, FACS*,†; Hommel, Gabriel MD*Author Information *Hughston Foundation and the Hughston Clinic †Tulane University School of Medicine, Columbus, GA Reprints: Fred Flandry, MD, FACS, 6262 Veterans Pkwy, Columbus, GA 31909 (e-mail: [email protected]; e-mail: [email protected]). Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review: June 2011 - Volume 19 - Issue 2 - p 82-92 doi: 10.1097/JSA.0b013e318210c0aa Buy Metrics Abstract Functionally, the knee comprises 2 articulations—the patellofemoral and tibiofemoral. Stability of the joint is governed by a combination of static ligaments, dynamic muscular forces, meniscocapsular aponeurosis, bony topography, and joint load. The surgeon is ill equipped to undertake surgical treatment of a dislocated knee without a sound footing in the anatomic complexities of this joint. We review the normal anatomy of the knee, emphasizing connective tissue structures and common injury patterns. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.