Review ArticlesProximal Biceps Tendon: Injuries and ManagementFriedman, Darren J. MD* †; Dunn, John C. BA‡; Higgins, Laurence D. MD†; Warner, Jon J. P. MD*Author Information *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital ‡Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Reprints: Jon J. P. Warner, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harvard Shoulder Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, YAW-3-3G, Boston, MA 02114 (e-mail: [email protected]). Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review: September 2008 - Volume 16 - Issue 3 - p 162-169 doi: 10.1097/JSA.0b013e318184f549 Buy Metrics Abstract The long head of the biceps tendon is a known pain generator of the shoulder. There are numerous pathologic entities that may affect this tendon, including tendonitis, partial tearing, and subluxation. These conditions are often associated with rotator cuff tears, especially those involving the subscapularis. Operative interventions include tenotomy and tenodesis. Tenodesis can be preformed in a proximal or distal location. Subpectoral tenodesis may have a lower recurrence rate than proximal-based techniques. © 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.