Hip Injuries in the Athlete: ArticleRole of Technetium Bone Scans in Orthopedic Outcome EvaluationDye, Scott F. M.D.Editor(s): Gillquist, Jan M.D. Author Information From the University of California, San Francisco, California Pacific Medical Center, Davies Campus, San Francisco, CA. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Dr. Scott F. Dye, 45 Castro Street, Suite 117, San Francisco CA 94114. E-mail: [email protected] Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review: September 2002 - Volume 10 - Issue 3 - p 220-227 Buy Abstract The fundamental goal of orthopedic treatment is restoration of musculoskeletal function. A new definition of musculoskeletal function includes the capacity to not only perform certain high-level activities, but also to maintain tissue homeostasis while doing so. Technetium bone scintigraphy is, at present, the best method to manifest the characteristic of tissue homeostasis in living musculoskeletal systems. A persistently positive posttreatment bone scan can identify joints at risk of early degenerative changes. The achievement of documented restoration of osseous homeostasis, provided by normal results on a bone scan, conversely is substantial objective data indicating successful orthopedic treatment. Future developments in imaging allowing sequential tracking of the homeostasis characteristics of all musculoskeletal tissues should result in improved orthopedic concepts of injury and repair, and ultimately safer and more effective therapeutic techniques. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.