Article: PDF OnlyTimmerman Laura A. M.D.; McBride, Daniel G. M.D.Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review: October 1995 - p 210-218 Buy Abstract Summary Elbow dislocations are unusual events in the athlete. They are not peculiar to any particular sport, and most result from a significant fall on the outstretched hand. They are traditionally classified according to direction of dislocation, but recent reviews have proposed schemes relating them to degree of tissue injury and resultant instability. A complete dislocation virtually always involves injury to the anterior capsule, medial ligaments, lateral ligaments, brachialis muscle, and, sometimes, flexor pronator. Associated injuries include those to bony and neurovascular structures. Appropriate care includes thorough prereduction evaluation followed by gentle reduction of the dislocation. Repair of torn ligaments is rarely indicated, but some thought should be given to this for the throwing athlete. For the athlete, immobilization should be fairly brief, and rehabilitation to regain range of motion and strength should be aggressive. Most athletes can resume their preinjury status after a simple dislocation. Arthroscopic debridement of adhesions, should they develop, can significantly improve elbow pain and function. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.