2013 Young Investigator Award Winner: How Safe Is Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion for the Surgeon? A Prospective In Vivo Radiation Exposure Study Taher, Fadi; Hughes, Alexander P.; Sama, Andrew A.; More Taher, Fadi; Hughes, Alexander P.; Sama, Andrew A.; Zeldin, Roseann; Schneider, Robert; Holodny, Edward I.; Lebl, Darren R.; Fantini, Gary A.; Nguyen, Joseph; Cammisa, Frank P.; Girardi, Federico P. Less Spine. 38(16):1386-1392, July 15th, 2013. Abstract Abstract In Brief In Brief Favorites PDF Get Content & Permissions Abstract: In Brief: Surgeon radiation exposure during lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) was measured at 6 anatomic locations in this prospective in vivo radiation exposure study. Adhering to radiation safety guidelines, an average of 2700 LLIF procedures may be performed per year before exceeding occupational limits for planned exposure situations.