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Articles by Frank Schwab, MD

At What Point Should the Thoracolumbar Region be Addressed In Patients Undergoing Corrective Cervical Deformity Surgery?

Passias, Peter G.; Pierce, Katherine E.; Naessig, Sara; More

SPINE. Post Acceptance: March 31, 2021

Depression Symptoms Are Associated with Poor Functional Status Among Operative Spinal Deformity Patients

Lafage, Renaud; Ang, Bryan; Schwab, Frank; More

SPINE. 46(7):447-456, April 1, 2021.

Development and Validation of a Multidomain Surgical Complication Classification System for Adult Spinal Deformity

Klineberg, Eric O.; Wick, Joseph B.; Lafage, Renaud; More

SPINE. 46(4):E267-E273, February 15, 2021.

Preoperative Hounsfield Units at the Planned Upper Instrumented Vertebrae May Predict Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in Adult Spinal Deformity

Yao, Yu-Cheng; Elysee, Jonathan; Lafage, Renaud; More

SPINE. 46(3):E174-E180, February 1, 2021.

Lower Satisfaction After Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery in Japan Than in the United States Despite Similar SRS-22 Pain and Function Scores: A Propensity-Score Matched Analysis

Yagi, Mitsuru; Ames, Christopher P.; Hosogane, Naobumi; More

SPINE. 45(17):E1097-E1104, September 1, 2020.

Counseling Guidelines for Anticipated Postsurgical Improvements in Pain, Function, Mental Health, and Self-image for Different Types of Adult Spinal Deformity

Line, Breton; Bess, Shay; Lafage, Virginie; More

SPINE. 45(16):1118-1127, August 15, 2020.

Group-based Trajectory Modeling: A Novel Approach to Classifying Discriminative Functional Status Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Study of a 3-year Follow-up Group

Yang, Jingyan; Lafage, Renaud; Gum, Jeffrey L.; More

SPINE. 45(13):903-910, July 1, 2020.

Effective Prevention of Proximal Junctional Failure in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery Requires a Combination of Surgical Implant Prophylaxis and Avoidance of Sagittal Alignment Overcorrection

Line, Breton G.; Bess, Shay; Lafage, Renaud; More

SPINE. 45(4):258-267, February 15, 2020.

Pelvic Compensation in Sagittal Malalignment: How Much Retroversion Can the Pelvis Accommodate?

Beyer, George; Khalifé, Marc; Lafage, Renaud; More

SPINE. 45(4):E203-E209, February 15, 2020.

Recurrent Proximal Junctional Kyphosis: Incidence, Risk Factors, Revision Rates, and Outcomes at 2-Year Minimum Follow-up

Kim, Han Jo; Wang, Shan-Jin; Lafage, Renaud; More

SPINE. 45(1):E18-E24, January 1, 2020.

Artificial Intelligence Based Hierarchical Clustering of Patient Types and Intervention Categories in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Towards a New Classification Scheme that Predicts Quality and Value

Ames, Christopher P.; Smith, Justin S.; Pellisé, Ferran; More

SPINE. 44(13):915-926, July 1, 2019.

Improvement in Back and Leg Pain and Disability Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Study of 324 Patients With 2-year Follow-up and the Impact of Surgery on Patient-reported Outcomes

Verma, Ravi; Lafage, Renaud; Scheer, Justin; More

SPINE. 44(4):263-269, February 15, 2019.

Determinants of Patient Satisfaction 2 Years After Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Latent Class Analysis

Yang, Jingyan; Lafage, Virginie; Lafage, Renaud; More

SPINE. 44(1):E45-E52, January 1, 2019.

Serious Adverse Events Significantly Reduce Patient-Reported Outcomes at 2-Year Follow-up: Nonoperative, Multicenter, Prospective NIH Study of 105 Patients

Pugely, Andrew J.; Kelly, Michael P.; Baldus, Christine R.; More

SPINE. 43(11):747-753, June 1, 2018.

Inter- and Intra-rater Reliability of the Hart-ISSG Proximal Junctional Failure Severity Scale

Hart, Robert A.; Rastegar, Farbod; Contag, Alec; More

SPINE. 43(8):E461-E467, April 15, 2018.

Operative Management of Adult Spinal Deformity Results in Significant Increases in QALYs Gained Compared to Nonoperative Management: Analysis of 479 Patients With Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up

Scheer, Justin K.; Hostin, Richard; Robinson, Chessie; More

SPINE. 43(5):339-347, March 1, 2018.

Orientation of the Upper-most Instrumented Segment Influences Proximal Junctional Disease Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery

Lafage, Renaud; Line, Breton G.; Gupta, Sachin; More

SPINE. 42(20):1570-1577, October 15, 2017.

Virtual Modeling of Postoperative Alignment After Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery Helps Predict Associations Between Compensatory Spinopelvic Alignment Changes, Overcorrection, and Proximal Junctional Kyphosis

Lafage, Renaud; Bess, Shay; Glassman, Steve; More

SPINE. 42(19):E1119-E1125, October 1, 2017.

Principal Radiographic Characteristics for Cervical Spinal Deformity: A Health-related Quality-of-life Analysis

Bao, Hongda; Varghese, Jeffrey; Lafage, Renaud; More

SPINE. 42(18):1375-1382, September 15, 2017.

Stiffness After Pan-Lumbar Arthrodesis for Adult Spinal Deformity Does Not Significantly Impact Patient Functional Status or Satisfaction Irrespective of Proximal Endpoint

Hart, Robert A.; Hiratzka, Jayme; Kane, Marie S.; More

SPINE. 42(15):1151-1157, August 1, 2017.

Adult Scoliosis Deformity Surgery: Comparison of Outcomes Between One Versus Two Attending Surgeons

Gomez, Jaime A.; Lafage, Virginie; Scuibba, Daniel M.; More

SPINE. 42(13):992-998, July 1, 2017.

Results of the 2015 Scoliosis Research Society Survey on Single Versus Dual Attending Surgeon Approach for Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery

Scheer, Justin K.; Sethi, Rajiv K.; Hey, Lloyd A.; More

SPINE. 42(12):932-942, June 15, 2017.

Role of Ethnicity in Alignment Compensation: Propensity Matched Analysis of Differential Compensatory Mechanism Recruitment Patterns for Sagittal Malalignment in 288 ASD Patients From Japan, Korea, and United States

Diebo, Bassel G.; Gammal, Isaac; Ha, Yoon; More

SPINE. 42(4):E234-E240, February 15, 2017.

Development of Validated Computer-based Preoperative Predictive Model for Proximal Junction Failure (PJF) or Clinically Significant PJK With 86% Accuracy Based on 510 ASD Patients With 2-year Follow-up

Scheer, Justin K.; Osorio, Joseph A.; Smith, Justin S.; More

SPINE. 41(22):E1328-E1335, November 15, 2016.

Patient Factors That Influence Decision Making: Randomization Versus Observational Nonoperative Versus Observational Operative Treatment for Adult Symptomatic Lumbar Scoliosis

Neuman, Brian J.; Baldus, Christine; Zebala, Lukas P.; More

SPINE. 41(6):E349-E358, March 15, 2016.

The Health Impact of Symptomatic Adult Spinal Deformity: Comparison of Deformity Types to United States Population Norms and Chronic Diseases

Bess, Shay; Line, Breton; Fu, Kai-Ming; More

SPINE. 41(3):224-233, February 1, 2016.

Defining Spino-Pelvic Alignment Thresholds: Should Operative Goals in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery Account for Age?

Lafage, Renaud; Schwab, Frank; Challier, Vincent; More

SPINE. 41(1):62-68, January 2016.

Dedicated Spine Measurement Software Quantifies Key Spino-Pelvic Parameters More Reliably Than Traditional Picture Archiving and Communication Systems Tools

Gupta, Munish; Henry, Jensen K.; Schwab, Frank; More

SPINE. 41(1):E22-E27, January 2016.

Developing the Total Disability Index Based on an Analysis of the Interrelationships and Limitations of Oswestry and Neck Disability Index

Spiegel, Matthew A.; Lafage, Renaud; Lafage, Virginie; More

SPINE. 41(1):74-81, January 2016.

Novel Method Using Baseline Normalization and Area Under the Curve to Evaluate Differences in Outcome Between Treatment Groups and Application to Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Undergoing Anterior Versus Posterior Surgery

Liu, Shian; Tetreault, Lindsay; Fehlings, Michael G.; More

SPINE. 40(24):E1299-E1304, December 2015.

Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy in the RevisionVersusPrimary Adult Spinal Deformity Patient: Is There a Difference in Correction and Complications?

Gupta, Munish C.; Ferrero, Emmanuelle; Mundis, Gregory; More

Spine. 40(22):E1169-E1175, November 15, 2015.

Postoperative Recovery After Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Comparative Analysis of Age in 149 Patients During 2-year Follow-up

Scheer, Justin K.; Mundis, Gregory M.; Klineberg, Eric; More

Spine. 40(19):1505-1515, October 01, 2015.

Radiographical and Implant-Related Complications in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Incidence, Patient Risk Factors, and Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life

Soroceanu, Alexandra; Diebo, Bassel G.; Burton, Douglas; More

Spine. 40(18):1414-1421, September 15, 2015.

Adult Spinal Deformity Patients Recall Fewer Than 50% of the Risks Discussed in the Informed Consent Process Preoperatively and the Recall Rate Worsens Significantly in the Postoperative Period

Saigal, Rajiv; Clark, Aaron J.; Scheer, Justin K.; More

Spine. 40(14):1079-1085, July 15, 2015.

Antifibrinolytics Reduce Blood Loss in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial

Peters, Austin; Verma, Kushagra; Slobodyanyuk, Kseniya; More

Spine. 40(8):E443-E449, April 15, 2015.

Postoperative Cervical Deformity in 215 Thoracolumbar Patients With Adult Spinal Deformity: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Impact on Patient-Reported Outcome and Satisfaction at 2-Year Follow-up

Passias, Peter G.; Soroceanu, Alex; Smith, Justin; More

Spine. 40(5):283-291, March 01, 2015.

Patients With Adult Spinal Deformity Treated Operatively Report Greater Baseline Pain and Disability Than Patients Treated Nonoperatively; However, Deformities Differ Between Age Groups

Fu, Kai-Ming G.; Bess, Shay; Shaffrey, Christopher I.; More

Spine. 39(17):1401-1407, August 01, 2014.

Sagittal Spinopelvic Malalignment in Parkinson Disease: Prevalence and Associations With Disease Severity

Oh, Jae Keun; Smith, Justin S.; Shaffrey, Christopher I.; More

Spine. 39(14):E833-E841, June 15, 2014.

Upper Thoracic Versus Lower Thoracic Upper Instrumented Vertebrae Endpoints Have Similar Outcomes and Complications in Adult Scoliosis

Kim, Han Jo; Boachie-Adjei, Oheneba; Shaffrey, Christopher I.; More

Spine. 39(13):E795-E799, June 01, 2014.

Does Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 Use in Adult Spinal Deformity Increase Complications and Are Complications Associated With Location of rhBMP-2 Use? A Prospective, Multicenter Study of 279 Consecutive Patients

Bess, Shay; Line, Breton G.; Lafage, Virginie; More

Spine. 39(3):233-242, February 01, 2014.

Perioperative Complications and Mortality After Spinal Fusions: Analysis of Trends and Risk Factors

Goz, Vadim; Weinreb, Jeffrey H.; McCarthy, Ian; More

Spine. 38(22):1970-1976, October 15, 2013.

Change in Classification Grade by the SRS-Schwab Adult Spinal Deformity Classification Predicts Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life Measures: Prospective Analysis of Operative and Nonoperative Treatment

Smith, Justin S.; Klineberg, Eric; Schwab, Frank; More

Spine. 38(19):1663-1671, September 01, 2013.

Posterior Global Malalignment After Osteotomy for Sagittal Plane Deformity: It Happens and Here is Why

Blondel, Benjamin; Schwab, Frank; Bess, Shay; More

Spine. 38(7):E394-E401, April 01, 2013.

Comparative Analysis of Surgical Approaches and Osteotomies for the Correction of Sagittal Plane Spinal Deformity in Adults

Burkett, Benjamin; Ricart-Hoffiz, Pedro A.; Schwab, Frank; More

Spine. 38(2):188-194, January 15, 2013.

Impact of Unilateral Corrective Tethering on the Histology of the Growth Plate in an Established Porcine Model for Thoracic Scoliosis

Chay, Edward; Patel, Ashish; Ungar, Benjamin; More

Spine. 37(15):E883-E889, July 01, 2012.

Scoliosis Research Society—Schwab Adult Spinal Deformity Classification: A Validation Study

Schwab, Frank; Ungar, Benjamin; Blondel, Benjamin; More

Spine. 37(12):1077-1082, May 20, 2012.

Changes in Thoracic Kyphosis Negatively Impact Sagittal Alignment After Lumbar Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy: A Comprehensive Radiographic Analysis

Lafage, Virginie; Ames, Christopher; Schwab, Frank; More

Spine. 37(3):E180-E187, February 01, 2012.

The Scoliosis Research Society Health-Related Quality Of Life (SRS-30) Age–Gender Normative Data: An Analysis of 1346 Adult Subjects Unaffected by Scoliosis

Baldus, Christine; Bridwell, Keith; Harrast, John; More

Spine. 36(14):1154-1162, June 15, 2011.

Spino-Pelvic Parameters After Surgery Can be Predicted: A Preliminary Formula and Validation of Standing Alignment

Lafage, Virginie; Schwab, Frank; Vira, Shaleen; More

Spine. 36(13):1037-1045, June 01, 2011.

Adult Spinal Deformity—Postoperative Standing Imbalance: How Much Can You Tolerate? An Overview of Key Parameters in Assessing Alignment and Planning Corrective Surgery

Schwab, Frank; Patel, Ashish; Ungar, Benjamin; More

Spine. 35(25):2224-2231, December 1, 2010.

Changes in Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes With Primary Treatment Adult Spinal Deformity Surgeries From Two Years to Three- to Five-Years Follow-up

Bridwell, Keith H.; Baldus, Christine; Berven, Sigurd; More

Spine. 35(20):1849-1854, September 15, 2010.

Major Intraoperative Neurologic Monitoring Deficits in Consecutive Pediatric and Adult Spinal Deformity Patients at One Institution

Kamerlink, Jonathan R.; Errico, Thomas; Xavier, Shaun; More

Spine. 35(2):240-245, January 15, 2010.

Computed Tomographic Validation of the Porcine Model for Thoracic Scoliosis

Patel, Ashish; Schwab, Frank; Lafage, Virginie; More

Spine. 35(1):18-25, January 1, 2010.

Does Treatment (Nonoperative and Operative) Improve the Two-Year Quality of Life in Patients With Adult Symptomatic Lumbar Scoliosis: A Prospective Multicenter Evidence-Based Medicine Study

Bridwell, Keith H.; Glassman, Steven; Horton, William; More

Spine. 34(20):2171-2178, September 15, 2009.

Pain and Disability Determine Treatment Modality for Older Patients With Adult Scoliosis, While Deformity Guides Treatment for Younger Patients

Bess, Shay; Boachie-Adjei, Oheneba; Burton, Doug; More

Spine. 34(20):2186-2190, September 15, 2009.

Sagittal Plane Considerations and the Pelvis in the Adult Patient

Schwab, Frank; Lafage, Virginie; Patel, Ashish; More

Spine. 34(17):1828-1833, August 1, 2009.

Pelvic Tilt and Truncal Inclination: Two Key Radiographic Parameters in the Setting of Adults With Spinal Deformity

Lafage, Virginie; Schwab, Frank; Patel, Ashish; More

Spine. 34(17):E599-E606, August 1, 2009.

Operative Versus Nonoperative Treatment of Leg Pain in Adults With Scoliosis: A Retrospective Review of a Prospective Multicenter Database With Two-Year Follow-up

Smith, Justin S.; Shaffrey, Christopher I.; Berven, Sigurd; More

Spine. 34(16):1693-1698, July 15, 2009.

A Porcine Model for Progressive Thoracic Scoliosis

Schwab, Frank; Patel, Ashish; Lafage, Virginie; More

Spine. 34(11):E397-E404, May 15, 2009.

Age-Gender Matched Comparison of SRS Instrument Scores Between Adult Deformity and Normal Adults: Are All SRS Domains Disease Specific?

Baldus, Christine; Bridwell, Keith H.; Harrast, John; More

Spine. 33(20):2214-2218, September 15, 2008.

Standing Balance and Sagittal Plane Spinal Deformity: Analysis of Spinopelvic and Gravity Line Parameters

Lafage, Virginie; Schwab, Frank; Skalli, Wafa; More

Spine. 33(14):1572-1578, June 15, 2008.

Surgical Rates and Operative Outcome Analysis in Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Major Adult Scoliosis: Application of the New Adult Deformity Classification

Schwab, Frank; Lafage, Virginie; Farcy, Jean-Pierre; More

Spine. 32(24):2723-2730, November 15, 2007.

Is the SRS-22 Instrument Responsive to Change in Adult Scoliosis Patients Having Primary Spinal Deformity Surgery?

Bridwell, Keith H.; Berven, Sigurd; Glassman, Steven; More

Spine. 32(20):2220-2225, September 15, 2007.

The Problems and Limitations of Applying Evidence-Based Medicine to Primary Surgical Treatment of Adult Spinal Deformity

Bridwell, Keith H.; Berven, Sigurd; Edwards, Charles II; More

Spine. 32(19):S135-S139, September 1, 2007.

Gravity Line Analysis in Adult Volunteers: Age-Related Correlation With Spinal Parameters, Pelvic Parameters, and Foot Position

Schwab, Frank; Lafage, Virginie; Boyce, Reid; More

Spine. 31(25):E959-E967, December 1, 2006.

A Clinical Impact Classification of Scoliosis in the Adult

Schwab, Frank; Farcy, Jean-Pierre; Bridwell, Keith; More

Spine. 31(18):2109-2114, August 15, 2006.

The Impact of Positive Sagittal Balance in Adult Spinal Deformity

Glassman, Steven D.; Bridwell, Keith; Dimar, John R.; More

Spine. 30(18):2024-2029, September 15, 2005.

A Lumbar Classification of Scoliosis in the Adult Patient: Preliminary Approach

Schwab, Frank; Benchick el-Fegoun, Abdelkrim; Gamez, Lorenzo; More

Spine. 30(14):1670-1673, July 15, 2005.

Center of Gravity and Radiographic Posture Analysis: A Preliminary Review of Adult Volunteers and Adult Patients Affected by Scoliosis

Fegoun, Abdelkrim Benchikh El; Schwab, Frank; Gamez, Lorenzo; More

Spine. 30(13):1535-1540, July 1, 2005.

Adult Scoliosis: Prevalence, SF-36, and Nutritional Parameters in an Elderly Volunteer Population

Schwab, Frank; Dubey, Ashok; Gamez, Lorenzo; More

Spine. 30(9):1082-1085, May 1, 2005.

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