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Effectiveness of Kinesio Taping in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain

A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis

Luz Júnior, Maurício Antônio Da PT, MSc∗,†; Almeida, Matheus Oliveira De PT, PhD; Santos, Raiany Silva PT; Civile, Vinicius Tassoni PT†,‡; Costa, Leonardo Oliveira Pena PT, PhD

doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002756
LITERATURE REVIEW
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Study Design. Systematic review.

Objective. To investigate the effects of Kinesio Taping (KT) in patients with nonspecific low back pain.

Summary of Background Data. KT is widely used in patients with low back pain.

Methods. We conducted searches on PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro, SciELO, and LILACS up to February 26, 2018. We included only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in adults with chronic nonspecific low back pain that compared KT to no intervention or placebo as well as RCTs that compared KT combined with exercise against exercise alone. The methodological quality and statistical reporting of the eligible trials were measured by the 11-item PEDro scale. The quality of the evidence was assessed using the GRADE classification. We considered pain intensity and disability as the primary outcomes. Whenever possible, the data were pooled through meta-analysis.

Results. We identified 11 RCTs for this systematic review (pooled n = 743). Two clinical trials (pooled n = 100) compared KT to no intervention at the short-term follow-up. Four studies compared KT to placebo (pooled n = 287) at short-term follow-up and two trials (pooled n = 100) compared KT to placebo at intermediate-term follow-up. Five trials (pooled n = 296) compared KT combined with exercises or electrotherapy to exercises or spinal manipulation alone. No statistically significant difference was found for most comparisons.

Conclusion. Very low to moderate quality evidence shows that KT was no better than any other intervention for most the outcomes assessed in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. We found no evidence to support the use of KT in clinical practice for patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain.

Level of Evidence: 1

Kinesio Taping is a widely used technique for the treatment of patients with low back pain. This is a systematic review on the effects of Kinesio Taping in patients with low back pain. The current evidence does not support the use of Kinesio Taping on these patients.

Masters and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, University City of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Department of Physical Therapy, Paulista University, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Masters and Doctoral on Evidence-Health Science Programs, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Maurício Antônio Da Luz Júnior, PT, MSc, Masters and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, University City of São Paulo, Rua Cesário Galeno, 448 Tatuapé, São Paulo, SP 03071-000, Brazil; E-mail: mauricio_luz@hotmail.com

Received 16 March, 2018

Revised 22 May, 2018

Accepted 30 May, 2018

The manuscript submitted does not contain information about medical device(s)/drug(s).

No funds were received in support of this work.

No relevant financial activities outside the submitted work.

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