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Evidence-Based Recommendations for Spine Surgery

Vaccaro, Alexander R. MD, PhD*; Fisher, Charles G. MD, MHSc; Whang, Peter G. MD; Patel, Alpesh A. MD§; Thomas, Ken C. MD, MHSc; Mulpuri, Kishore MBBS, MHSc; Chi, John MD, MPH**; Prasad, Srinivas K. MS, MD††

doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000492
Systematic Review

*Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University and The Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, PA

Division of Spine, Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT

§Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, IL

Departments of Surgery and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada

British Columbia Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

**Department of Neurological Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and

††Departments of Neurological Surgery and Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Srinivas K. Prasad, MS, MD, Departments of Neurological Surgery and Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, 909 Walnut St, 2nd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107; E-mail:

Acknowledgment date: June 8, 2014. Acceptance date: June 8, 2014.

The device(s)/drug(s) that is/are the subject of this manuscript is/are not FDA-approved for this indication and is/are not commercially available in the United States.

No funds were received in support of this work.

Relevant financial activities outside the submitted work: board membership, consultancy, employment, grants, royalties, stocks, payment for lecture.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins