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Evidence-Based Recommendations for Spine Surgery

Vaccaro, Alexander R. MD, PhD*; Fisher, Charles G. MD; Patel, Alpesh A. MD, FACS; Prasad, Srinivas K. MD; Chi, John MD, MPH§; Mulpuri, Kishore MBBS, MHSc; Thomas, Kenneth C. MD, MHSc; Whang, Peter G. MD, FACS**

doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182982d32
Systematic Review

*Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University and The Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, PA

Division of Spine, Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL

§Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

British Columbia Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Departments of Surgery and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; and

**Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and The Rothman Institute, 925 Chestnut St, 5th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107; E-mail:

Acknowledgment date: March 13, 2013. Revision date: March 25, 2013. Acceptance date: April 22, 2013.

The device(s)/drug(s) is/are FDA-approved or approved by corresponding national agency for this indication.

No funds were received in support of this work.

Relevant financial activities outside the submitted work: board membership, consultancy, grants, royalties, stocks, payment for lecture, expert testimony.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins