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Guidelines for the Process of Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Self-Report Measures

Beaton, Dorcas E., BScOT, MSc, PhD*†‡; Bombardier, Claire, MD, FRCP*§¶#; Guillemin, Francis, MD, MSc**; Ferraz, Marcos Bosi, MD, MSc, PhD††

Focus Issue

From the *Institute for Work and Health; †St. Michael’s Hospital; Departments of ‡Occupational Therapy and Medicine and the §Clinical Epidemiology and Health Care Research Program, University of Toronto ¶The University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital; and #Mt. Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; **Ecole de Sant, Publique, Facult, de M,decine,Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France; and the ††Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Sõo Paulo, Sõo Paulo, Brazil.

Supported in part by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the Institute for Work & Health who co-sponsored the development of these guidelines. DB was supported by a Medical Research Council of Canada PhD Fellowship during the preparation of this work.

Address reprint requests to

Dorcas Beaton

Institute for Work & Health

250 Bloor St, Ste. 702

Toronto, ON, Canada, M4W 1E6


© 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.