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Risk Factors for Prolonged Opioid Use and Effects of Opioid Tolerance on Clinical Outcomes After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery

Reyes, Ariana A. BS; Canseco, Jose A. MD, PhD; Mangan, John J. MD; Divi, Srikanth N. MD; Goyal, Dhruv K.C. BA; Bowles, Daniel R. MD; Patel, Parthik D. MD; Salmons, Harold I. BS; Morgenstern, Monica BA; Anderson, David Greg MD; Rihn, Jeffrey A. MD; Kurd, Mark F. MD; Hilibrand, Alan S. MD; Kepler, Christopher K. MD, MBA; Vaccaro, Alexander R. MD, PhD, MBA; Schroeder, Gregory D. MD

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doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003511
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