A retrospective study.
The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative outcome of posterior spinal fusion (PSF) between overweight (OW) adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and the healthy-weight (HW) patients using propensity score matching analysis.
Summary of Background Data.
Obesity was found to increase postoperative surgical complications compared with the nonobese group. In scoliosis correction surgery, association of OW and perioperative risks had been explored, but most studies were retrospective in nature.
From 374 patients, two comparable groups were matched using propensity score matching analysis with one-to-one nearest neighbor matching and a caliper of 0.2. There were 46 HW and OW patients in each group. The main outcome measures were intraoperative blood loss, use of allogeneic blood transfusion, operative time, duration of hospital stay post-surgery, total patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) morphine usage, perioperative complications, side bending flexibility (SBF), and correction rate (%).
The mean age was 13.3 ± 1.7 and 13.2 ± 1.7 years for HW and OW groups, respectively. The majority of the patients were Lenke 1 curves; 32.6% (HW) and 26.1% (OW) with an average Cobb angle of 69.0 ± 19.1° and 68.8 ± 18.4° for each group, respectively. The two groups were comparable. The operation time was 145.2 ± 42.2 and 154.4 ± 48.3 minutes for HW and OW groups, respectively (P > 0.05). The intraoperative blood loss was almost similar in both groups; 955.1 ± 497.7 mL (HW group) and 1011.8 ± 552.7 mL (OW group) (P > 0.05). Total PCA morphine used was higher in OW group (30.4 ± 22.7 mg) than in the HW group (16.2 ± 11.3 mg). No complication was observed in HW group, while in OW group, one patient (2.2%) developed intraoperative seizure.
OW AIS patients (≥85th percentile) had similar mean operative time, intraoperative blood loss, allogeneic transfusion rate, length of stay, and perioperative complications compared with HW AIS patients.
Level of Evidence: 3