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A Computed Tomography Study of the C7 Vertebra Screws Fixation in Children

Liu, Junhao, MD; Ji, Wei, MD, PhD; Huang, Zucheng, MD; Kong, Ganggang, MD; Liu, Qi, MD; Huang, Zhiping, MD; Wu, Xiuhua, MD; Zhu, Qingan, PhD

doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002742
CERVICAL SPINE

Study Design. Retrospective analysis of computed tomographic images of 92 normal pediatric cervical vertebrae.

Objective. The aim of this study was to ascertain the feasibility of the pedicle, intralaminar, and lateral mass screws fixation in children.

Summary of Background Data. Fixation techniques of C7 vertebrae are technically challenging in the pediatric population. Although the techniques offer alternatives to screws placement at C7 spine in adult, there is no consensus to apply these screws in children.

Methods. A total of 92 patients (59 males and 33 females) from 3- to 16-year old divided into three groups (group 1, 1–6 years; group2, 7–10 years; group 3, 11–16 years) were included. Measurements were taken through computed tomography (CT) imaging without evidence of spinal trauma. Length, width, and angle of lamina and pedicle were measured, and lateral mass length was also assessed.

Results. There was no statistical difference between the left and right sides, as well as the sexes. In 1 to 6 years’ age group, 83.3% of the laminas and 87.5% of the pedicles measured have thicknesses of >3.5 mm. In 7 to 10 years’ age group, 84.0% of the laminas and all the pedicles observed have thicknesses of >3.5 mm. In 11 to 16 years’ age group, 88.4% of the laminas and 97.7% of the pedicles measured have thicknesses of >3.5 mm. Most of the spinolaminar angles were between 42.5° and 56°. There are three cases (3.3%) having lateral mass length >12 mm.

Conclusion. It is feasible to insert a screw (Ø 3.5 mm) in C7 lamina in children, and the intralaminar screw fixation is a safe and reliable technique. Around 49°, the spinolaminar angle with axial position, can be used as reference for placing screws in the C7 lamina. Preoperative CT scan will help surgeons to insert the laminar screw safely and accurately.

Level of Evidence: N/A

Department of Spinal Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Wei Ji, MD, PhD, Department of Spinal Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 1838 North Guangzhou Avenue, Guangzhou 510515, China; E-mail: spineji@126.com

Received 11 December, 2017

Revised 5 April, 2018

Accepted 15 May, 2018

JL and WJ share the first authorship.

The manuscript submitted does not contain information about medical device(s)/drug(s).

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81702192), the Incubation Program for Distinguished Young Scholars of Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, China (No.2017J008) and the President Foundation of Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, China (No.2016C021) funds were received in support of this work.

No relevant financial activities outside the submitted work.

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