A retrospective observational study.
The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting pedicle enhancement and predicting future collapse in patients with acute benign osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).
Traditional morphological classification regarding compression versus burst fractures cannot accurately anticipate the prognosis of further collapse. Identifying subgroups with a higher risk for further collapse may be beneficial in determining the treatment modality, which should be decided immediately after the injury.
One hundred fourteen patients with benign OVCFs who, at the onset, underwent contrast-enhanced spine MRI between 2003 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were recruited on the basis of predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary outcome was the compression progression rate; other potential variables included demographic and clinical characteristics, initial compression rates, and kyphotic angles. In addition, other structural abnormalities on MRI were assessed. The compression progression rates were compared according to pedicle enhancement, and the prognostic significance of pedicle enhancement for further collapse were analyzed.
Further compression progression rates were significantly higher in the pedicle-enhanced (PE) group than in the nonenhanced (NE) group. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that pedicle enhancement may be associated with further compression progression ≥10%. The vertebral augmentation (VAG) protective effect against collapse was only significant within the PE group, while bone densitometry and patients’ mobility were significant only within the NE group. The log-rank test revealed a statistically significant difference in the rates of further collapse ≥10% during the 1 year between the groups.
Sign of pedicle enhancement is a potential risk factor for further compression progression. Contrast-enhanced MRI should be performed at the onset to better determine the future risk of collapse and to choose a better treatment modality for benign OVCF patients.
Level of Evidence: 3
∗Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
†Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
‡Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ju Seok Ryu, MD, PhD, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 82 Gumi-ro 173 Beon-gil, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13620, South Korea; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 18 January, 2018
Revised 19 March, 2018
Accepted 22 March, 2018
The manuscript submitted does not contain information about medical device(s)/drug(s).
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2016R1D1A1B03935130).
No relevant financial activities outside the submitted work.