To evaluate the clinical outcomes of 4 different procedures for the treatment of adjacent multisegmental spinal tuberculosis
(AMSST) and to investigate the selection strategy of the optimal procedure with respect to focal characteristics.
Summary of Background Data.
Because of the lack of support of the anterior columns of multiple segments, AMSST is thought to confer high risks for the development of kyphosis and paraplegia. However, there are few reports regarding the clinical outcomes of the surgical treatment
for AMSST have been investigated.
From August 1999 to June 2010, 48 patients with AMSST were enrolled in this study. Seven patients (A group) underwent a single-stage anterior operation. Eighteen patients (AP group) underwent a single-stage posterior and anterior combined operation. Eighteen patients (P group) underwent a single-stage posterior operation. Five patients (DP group) underwent computed tomography-guided drainage and local chemotherapy combined with a 2-stage posterior operation. The patients were followed up clinically and radiologically for an average of 29.6 months.
The cohort consisted of 29 males and 19 females, aged 4 to 54 years. The patients exhibited significant improvements in deformity and neurological deficits. Graft union was achieved in all patients 5 to 12 months postoperatively. Surgery-related complications were noted in 1 and 2 patients in the AP and P groups, respectively. Postoperative recurrence occurred in 1 and 2 patients in the AP and P groups, respectively. All 48 patients had been cured at the final follow-up.
This study demonstrated that the 4 procedures can safely and effectively achieve nerve decompression, graft fusion, and kyphosis correction. Individualized procedures should be chosen according to the patient's general condition, focal characteristic, type of complication, and surgeon's experience.
Level of Evidence: 3