From the *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan; †Fukuoka Clinic, Tokyo, Japan; ‡National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Tokorozawa, Japan; §Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan; ¶Fujino Orthopaedic Clinic, Shizuoka, Japan; ∥School of Health Science, Gunma University, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan; and **Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Hongo, Tokyo, Japan.
Acknowledgment date: August 29, 2009. First revision date: December 9, 2009. Second revision date: December 24, 2009. Acceptance date: January 15, 2010.
The manuscript submitted does not contain information about medical device(s)/drug(s).
No funds were received in support of this work. No benefits in any form have been or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript.
Supported by grants from JOA, Tokyo, Japan.
JOA organized the study group to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of CLBP. The sponsor had no role in the study design, data collection, data analysis, data interpretation, or writing of the report. The corresponding author had full access to all the data in the study and had final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication.
The results were presented in part at the 34th annual meeting of the International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (ISSLS); June 10–14, 2007; Hong Kong, China.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Osamu Shirado, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saitama Medical University, Moroyama, Saitama 350–0495, Japan; E-mail: [email protected]