A prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical study.
To evaluate the safety and feasibility of osteogenic protein (OP)-1 in 1-level lumbar spine instrumented posterolateral fusions.
Summary of Background Data.
Instrumented posterolateral fusion with the use of autograft is a commonly performed procedure for a variety of spinal disorders. However, harvesting of bone from the iliac crest is associated with complications. A promising alternative for autograft are bone morphogenetic proteins.
As part of a larger prospective, randomized, multicenter study, 36 patients were included, who received a 1-level instrumented posterolateral fusion of the lumbar spine. All patients had a degenerative or isthmic spondylolisthesis with symptoms of neurologic compression. There were 2 treatment arms: OP-1 combined with locally available bone from laminectomy (OP-1 group) or iliac crest autograft (autograft group). The primary outcome was the fusion rate based on a computed tomography scan after 1-year follow-up. The clinical outcome was measured using the Oswestry Disability Index. Additionally, the safety of OP-1 was evaluated by comparing the number and severity of adverse events that occurred between both groups.
Using strict criteria, fusion rates of 63% were found in the OP-1 group and 67% in the control group (P = 0.95). There was a decrease in Oswestry scores at subsequent postoperative time points compared with preoperative values (P > 0.001). There were no significant differences in the mean Oswestry scores between the study group and control group at any time point (P = 0.56). No product-related adverse events occurred.
The results demonstrate that OP-1 combined with locally obtained autograft is a safe and effective alternative for iliac crest autograft in instrumented single-level posterolateral fusions of the lumbar spine. The main advantage of OP-1 is that it avoids morbidity associated with the harvesting of autogenous bone grafts from the iliac crest.