A case report is of a giant dumbbell
-shaped synovial sarcoma
of the thoracolumbar spine
To report a case of a rare dumbbell
-shaped tumor treated by multimodal approach. Surgical procedures, adjuvant treatment, and outcome were discussed.
Summary of Background Data.
Synovial sarcomas of the spine are very rare tumors. Radical surgical resection is the goal, but is often not feasible. Dumbbell
-shaped spinal synovial sarcoma
with a giant extraspinal extension has not yet been reported. The rationale for 2-step surgical procedure and adjuvant therapy is discussed in light of the clinical picture, preoperative imaging and extension of the disease.
A 32-year-old male patient presented with signs of quickly progressive paraparesis. A dumbbell
-shaped tumor at the level Th12–L1 was found with a giant retroperitoneal extension. Tumor was nonradically excised in a 2-step operation: first through a dorsal approach with laminectomy and removal of the intraspinal extradural part, and later through a laparotomy with removal of the retroperitoneal part. Histologic examination revealed highly malignant synovial sarcoma
. Patient was treated with chemotherapy
Patient was in remission and symptom free for 1 year after surgery
; he then developed a local recurrence and died soon afterwards.
A good treatment result was achieved initially. A combined approach in cases like this is warranted, with as radical surgery
as possible in order to avoid local recurrence, a common cause of treatment failure in sarcomas.