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Health Services Research

Genetic and Environmental Effects on Disc Degeneration by Phenotype and Spinal Level

A Multivariate Twin Study

Battié, Michele C. PhD*; Videman, Tapio MD, DrMedSc*; Levälahti, Esko MSc; Gill, Kevin MD; Kaprio, Jaakko MD, PhD†§

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doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31818043b7
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