A comparative study of trunk and hip extensor muscle recruitment patterns in 2 subject groups.
To examine for changes in recruitment of the hip and back extensor muscles during low level isometric trunk rotation
efforts in chronic low back pain
(CLBP) subjects by comparison with matched asymptomatic control subjects.
Summary of Background Data.
Anatomic and biomechanical models have provided evidence that muscles attaching to the thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) are important for providing stabilization to the lumbopelvic region during trunk rotation
. This has guided rehabilitation programs. The muscles that link diagonally to the posterior layer of the TLF have not previously been examined individually and compared during low-level trunk rotation
efforts in CLBP patients and matched controls.
Thirty CLBP patients and 30 matched controls were assessed using surface electromyography
(EMG) as they performed low-level isometric rotation efforts while standing upright. Muscles studied included latissimus dorsi, erector spinae, upper and lower gluteus maximus, and biceps femoris. Subjects performed the rotation exertion with various levels of external trunk support, related to different functional tasks.
EMG results demonstrated that subjects with CLBP had significantly higher levels of recruitment for the lower and upper gluteus maximus (P
< 0.05), hamstrings (P
< 0.05), and erector spinae muscles (P
< 0.05) during rotation to the left compared with the control subjects.
This study provided evidence of increased muscle recruitment in CLBP patients when performing a standardized trunk rotation
task. These results may have implications for the design of therapeutic exercise programs for CLBP patients.