A prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical study was conducted.
To compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with OP-1 (BMP-7) Putty to autogenous iliac crest bone graft for one-level uninstrumented posterolateral fusion of the lumbar spine following decompressive laminectomy for the treatment of symptomatic degenerative spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis.
Preclinical studies have demonstrated that osteoinductive recombinant human osteogenic protein1 in the form of OP-1 Putty is successful at achieving a posterolateral fusion in rabbits and dogs without any significant safety concerns.
Thirty-six patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and symptoms of neurogenic claudication were randomized (2:1) to either OP-1 Putty (3.5 mg of OP-1 per side) or autogenous iliac crest bone graft for one-level uninstrumented posterolateral fusion following a decompressive laminectomy. Enrollment in the study was complete when 24 OP-1 Putty patients and 12 autograft patients had been randomized and treated. A patient administered Oswestry scale and SF-36 scale were used to determine clinical outcomes. Independent, blinded neuroradiologists reviewed both static and dynamic radiographs to determine fusion status.
At the 1-year follow-up, 32 patients were available for clinical analysis and 29 patients were available for radiographic review. Clinical success as measured on the Oswestry scale was achieved by 18 of 21 (86%) OP-1 Putty patients and 8 of 11 (73%) autograftpatients. SF-36 pain index scores showed similar results. Fourteen of 19 (74%) OP-1 Putty patients and 6 of 10 (60%) autograft patients achieved a successful posterolateral fusion fulfilling all fusion criteria. Of the 29 evaluable patients, 15 were both clinical and radiographic successes, 5 were radiographic successes but were clinicalfailures, 1 patient was both a radiographic and clinical failure, and 8 patients were radiographic failures but were clinical successes. No systemic toxicity, ectopic bone formation, recurrent stenosis, or other adverse events related to the OP-1 Putty implant were observed.
Although the posterolateral spine is a challenging fusion environment in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis, successful radiographic fusion was obtained using OP-1 Putty at a rate that was similar to autograft given the number of patients in this study. Importantly, there were no apparent adverse consequences related to the use of the OP-1 Putty implant in this patient population.