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Effect of Nicotine on Spinal Disc Cells: A Cellular Mechanism for Disc Degeneration

Akmal, Mohammed FRCS(Orth); Kesani, Anil BSc; Anand, Bobby MBBS; Singh, Abhinav BSc; Wiseman, Mike PhD; Goodship, Allen MRCVS

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doi: 10.1097/01.BRS.0000101422.36419.D8
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© 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.