Randomized efficacy trial comparing two types of noninstrumented posterolateral fusion between L5 and S1 in patients with L5 spondylolysis and vertebral slip less than 50%, as evaluated by radiostereometric analysis.
To determine whether osteogenic protein-1 (BMP-7) in the OP-1 Implant yields better stabilizing bony fusion than autograft bone.
Summary of Background Data.
Animal studies of osteoinductive proteins in noninstrumented posterolateral fusions have shown high fusion rates. No similar conclusive study on humans has been performed.
For this study, 20 patients were randomized to fusion with either OP-1 Implant or autograft bone from the iliac crest, 10 in each group. The patients were instructed to keep the trunk straight for 5 months after surgery with the aid of a soft lumbar brace. At surgery 0.8-mm metallic markers were positioned in L5 and the sacrum, enabling radiostereometric follow-up analysis during 1 year. The three-dimensional vertebral movements, as measured by radiostereometric analysis induced by positional change from supine posture to standing and sitting, were calculated with an accuracy of 0.5 to 0.7 mm and 0.5° to 2.0°. Conventional radiography was added.
No significant difference was noted between the radiostereometric and radiographic results of fusion with the OP-1 Implant and fusion with autograft bone. There was a significant relation between reduced vertebral movements and better bone formation. No adverse effects of the OP-1 Implant occurred. Persistent minor pain at the iliac crest was noticed in one patient.
There was no significant difference between the two fusion versions. Thus, the OP-1 Implant did not yield better stabilizing bony fusion than autograft bone.