Historical Perspective: History of Spinal Surgery‡Knoeller, Stefan M., MD*; Seifried, Christian, cand., med.†Spine: November 1, 2000 - Volume 25 - Issue 21 - p 2838-2843 Historical Perspective Abstract Author InformationAuthors The surgical treatment of spinal disorders did not develop before the 1970s of the last century. Previously limited technical possibilities and the danger of infections spinal surgery could not spread wider. This article reviews the history of spinal surgery from first trials as mentioned in the papyrus Smith in 1550 B.C. in Egypt to advanced techniques of today.— From *Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Freiburg, Germany; and †Universität Bern, Switzerland. ‡ Dedicated to Prof. Dr. Achim Reichelt on the occasion of his 65th birthday. Acceptance date: May 31, 2000. Address reprint requests to Stefan M. Knoeller Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Freiburg Hugstetter Str. 55 D 79106 Freiburg, Germany E-mail: KNOELLER@CH11.UKL.UNI-FREIBURG.DE. © 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.