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Basic Science

Direct Current Electrical Stimulation Increases the Fusion Rate of Spinal Fusion Cages

Toth, Jeffrey M., PhD*; Seim, Howard B. III, DVM, Dipl., ACVS; Schwardt, Jeffrey D., PhD; Humphrey, Wendy B., BS; Wallskog, Joel A., MD*; Turner, A. Simon , BVSc, MS, Dipl., ACVS

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