More than a century has passed since the publication of the major academic works of the great Russian surgeon Nickolay Ivanovich Pirogoff, yet some of the ideas and surgical problems that challenged him are still clinically important today. Pirogoff's creative activity embraced a number of areas in medicine and was not limited to any particular discipline. A sample listing of his works and achievements would demonstrate his rank as a scientist and a surgeon of great genius.
From the *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Rochester, Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York, and the †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dartmouth Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire.
Acknowledgment date: November 1, 1997.
Acceptance date: November 26, 1997.
Address correspondence to: Ilya Voloshin, MD; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery; Strong Memorial Hospital; Rochester, NY.