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Anatomic and Radiographic Study of Dorsal Root Ganglia

Kikuchi, Shinichi*; Sato, Katsuhiko*; Konno, Shinichi*; Hasue, Mitsuo

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Anatomic and rediographic studies were made to investigate normal variation of dorsal root ganglia in lumboaacral roots. The spinal nerves could be divided into two groups, with and without bifurcation of ventral nerve root and dorsal root -ganglion. The bifurcated group was further classified into three types, L4 end L5 nerve roots were all bifurcated, and S1 were all nonbifurcated. The positions of dorsal root ganglia were classified into three types: intraspinal, intraforaminal, and extraforaminal. At L4 and L5 nerve roots, they ware mostly intraforaminal, whereas at S1, they were mostly intrespinal. Preximally placed ganglia had a high frequency of ganglionic indentation, The incidence of in-traspinal dorsal root ganglia was much higher clinically than in anatomic studies. Variations in connecting patterns or positions of dorsal root ganglia may be related to the occurrence and variety of radicular symptoms. The dorsal root ganglia is clinically important and its location may correspond to clinical symptoms,

From the * Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical College, Fukushima; and the †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japan Red Cross Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

© Lippincott-Raven Publishers.