Biomechanical Definitions of Spinal InstabilityPOPE, MALCOLM H., PhD*; PANJABI, MANOHAR, PhD†Spine: April 1985 - Volume 10 - Issue 3 - p 255–256 Article: PDF Only Abstract Author InformationAuthors Instability is a mechanical entity, and an unstable structure is one that is not in a optimal state of equilibrium. In the spine, stability is affected by restraining structures that, if damaged or lax, will lend to altered equilibrium and thus instability. Instability is defined as loss of stiffness. From *the University of Vermont and †Yale University. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.