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Clinical Instability in the Lower Cervical Spine A Review of Past and Current Concepts

WHITE, AUGUSTUS A., MD, Dr Med Sci; SOUTHWICK, WAYNE O., MD; PANJABI, MANOHAR M., Dr Tech

Original Article: PDF Only

In an effort to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of instability of the lower cervical spine, a definition of the term clinical instability and a systematic method for identifying it based on an analytic review of the literature is presented.

Engineering Laboratory for Musculoskeletal Diseases, Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

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