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Phosphatase Activities and Available Nutrients in Soil Receiving Pelletized Poultry Litter

Blair, Reina M.; Savin, Mary C.; Chen, Pengyin

doi: 10.1097/SS.0000000000000061
Technical Article
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Pelletization of poultry litter can impact availability of inorganic and organic nutrients. We compared the effects of incorporating pelletized poultry litter (PPL) and inorganic fertilizer Osmocote (OSM) applied at rates of 56 (low), 112 (medium), or 168 (high) kg phosphorus (P) · ha−1 on nutrient availability and enzyme activities in a high-P silt loam growing edamame throughout one growing season. Responses in the low rate treatments of both PPL and OSM generally did not differ from the untreated control. Medium and high application rates of both fertilizers increased water-soluble P and Mehlich-3 P and K compared with the control, whereas PPL increased extractable P concentrations compared with OSM, especially at the high rate. Inorganic nitrogen concentration was higher in OSM- than PPL-treated soil, especially as rates increased and during reproductive stages. The high rate of PPL increased dissolved organic C concentrations, but without a clear linear relationship between dissolved organic C and enzyme activities. Acid and alkaline phosphatase activities were higher initially in PPL treatments than the control and OSM-treated soil. Phosphatases in the high-rate PPL treatments were similar to or lower than the control at V5 to R6 stages and higher than OSM-treated soil at V5 and R6. We conclude that even under high soil test P, soil organisms will increase available P from PPL to an even greater extent than inorganic fertilizer, likely contributing to negative environmental consequences. Nutrient management incorporating PPL in soils should consider both nutrient concentrations and potential for mineralization to release organic nutrients.

Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR.

Current address: Reina M. Blair, PO Box 1303 Tegucigalpa, D. C. Honduras

Address for correspondence: Mary C. Savin, PhD, Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, 115 Plant Science Bldg, Fayetteville, AR 72701; E-mail: msavin@uark.edu

This work was funded with assistance from the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture.

Financial Disclosures/Conflicts of Interest: None reported.

Received January 12, 2014.

Accepted for publication May 30, 2014.

© 2014Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins