TECHNICAL ARTICLESSTABLE CARBON AND OXYGEN ISOTOPES OF SOIL CARBONATES AT DEPTH IN THE RUSSIAN CHERNOZEM UNDER DIFFERENT LAND USEMikhailova, E. A.; Post, C. J.Author Information Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA. Received Aug. 7, 2005; accepted Oct. 28, 2005. Soil Science: April 2006 - Volume 171 - Issue 4 - p 334-340 doi: 10.1097/01.ss.0000209353.30665.of Buy Metrics Abstract Limited information is available about stable carbon and oxygen composition of soil carbonates at depth in the Russian Chernozem under different land use. This study was conducted to determine the stable isotope geochemistry of disseminated carbonates in the Russian Chernozem, one of the typical soils in grasslands. Three sites were sampled: a native grassland field (not cultivated for at least 300 years), an adjacent 50-year continuous fallow field in the V.V. Alekhin Central-Chernozem Biosphere State Reserve in the Kursk region of Russia, and a continuously cropped field in the Experimental Station of the Kursk Institute of Agronomy and Soil Erosion Control. All sampled soils were classified as fine-silty, mixed, frigid Pachic Hapludolls. The stable carbon isotope composition of carbonates varied with depth and land use: in the native grassland field δ13C was in the range of −6.1−(−7.7)‰; in the continuous fallow δ13C was in the range of −5.7−(−9.8)‰ Pee Dee Belemnite (PDB); and in a continuously cropped field δ13C was in the range of −5.1−(−10.2)‰ PDB. The stable oxygen isotope composition of carbonates also varied with depth and land use: in the native grassland field δ18O was in the range of −6.9−(−9.4)‰; in the continuous fallow δ18O was in the range of −6.2−(−10.7)‰; and in a continuously cropped field δ18O was in the range of −7.0−(−9.4)‰. More research is needed to investigate the effect of cultivation on stable isotope signatures of pedogenic carbonates. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.